Lycosidae: Pardosa C. L. Koch, 1847

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  49  

2
(1)
Tegular apophysis as fig.

  3  

- Tegular apophysis different

  14  

3
(2)
Hairs on tarsus, metatarsus and tibia of leg I distinctly longer than on legs II-IV

  4  

- Hairs on tarsus, metatarsus and tibia of leg I not distinctly longer than on legs II-IV

  5  

4
(3)

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cp

Hairs on leg I appressed; terminal apophysis robust, beak-shaped; pedipalp ventrally as fig.

Pardosa mixta (Kulczyński, 1887)

female

-

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cp

Hairs on leg I projecting; terminal apophysis different; pedipalp ventrally as fig.

Pardosa purbeckensis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895

5
(3)

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cp

Terminal apophysis large, robust, pointed

Pardosa palustris (Linnaeus, 1758)

female

- Different

  6  

6
(5)
Terminal apophysis with 2 small teeth

  7  

- Terminal apophysis with one tooth at most

  8  

7
(6)

world

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cp

Tegular apophysis long and tapering into a tip; median longitudinal band on prosoma pointed anteriorly

Pardosa agricola (Thorell, 1856)

female

-

world

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cp

Tegular apophysis long and bluntly tapering; terminal apophysis with 2 small teeth; pedipalp ventrally as fig; bright median band on prosoma broadened anteriorly

Pardosa agricola (Thorell, 1856)

female

8
(6)
Median band of prosoma anteriorly broadened, lateral bands broken

  9  

- Median band of prosoma anteriorly broadened or pointed, lateral bands not broken

  10  

9
(8)

world

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cp

Terminal apophysis pointed and with a robust tooth; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa torrentum Simon, 1876

female

-

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cp

Terminal apophysis without long tooth, distal tip bent toward the pedipalp plane; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa agrestis (Westring, 1861)

female

10
(8)

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cp

Median band on prosoma broadened anteriorly; terminal apophysis without tooth; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa agrestis (Westring, 1861)

female

- Median band of prosoma anteriorly pointed

  11  

11
(10)

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cp

Terminal apophysis without tooth, the distal tip bent toward pedipalp plane; pedipalp ventrally as fig.

Pardosa agrestis (Westring, 1861)

female

male

- Terminal apophysis tooth-shaped

  12  

12
(11)

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cp

Pedipalp without white hairs; terminal apophysis small and narrow; tegular apophysis as fig.

Pardosa monticola (Clerck, 1757)

female

- Pedipalp at least partly with white hairs

  13  

13
(12)

world

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cp

Pedipalp from femur to middle of tarsus with white hairs; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa albatula (Roewer, 1951)

female

-

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cp

Femur and patella of pedipalp with white hairs; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa blanda (C. L. Koch, 1833)

female

14
(2)

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cp

Tibia I ventrally with 4 pairs of spines, distally with one pair of small spines; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa nigra (C. L. Koch, 1834)

female

- Tibia I ventrally with 2 pairs of spines, distally with one pair of spines (sometimes appearing as 3 pairs)

  15  

15
(14)
Tegular part of bulbus strongly protruding, a narrow and pointed process of shield bent toward outer margin

  16  

- Different

  18  

16
(15)

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cp

Embolus long and pointed; pedipalp in lateral view as fig.

Pardosa giebeli (Pavesi, 1873)

female

- Embolus flat, bent, its end with broad lamella

  17  

17
(16)

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cp

Basal part of shield process broad; pedipalp in lateral view as fig.

Pardosa eiseni (Thorell, 1875)

female

-

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cp

Basal part of shield process narrow; legs bright; femur darkly spotted

Pardosa trailli (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

female

18
(15)
Some or all spinnerets black

  19  

- Spinnerets yellow or brown, sometimes very dark coloured, but never black

  25  

19
(18)
All spinnerets black

  20  

- Anterior spinnerets black, remaining spinnerets ± dark

  23  

20
(19)
Opisthosoma ventrally with bristle-like or spine-like thickened brown hairs between white hairs

  21  

- Opisthosoma with thin, brown and white hairs

  22  

21
(20)

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cp

Cymbium mostly with 2 claws; ventral hairs on opisthosoma bristle-like; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa hyperborea (Thorell, 1872)

female

-

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cp

Cymbium with one claw; ventral hairs on opisthosoma short, spine-like; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa saltuaria (L. Koch, 1870)

female

22
(20)

world

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cp

Cymbium mostly with 2 claws; pedipalp as fig.; Alps, south Europe

Pardosa oreophila Simon, 1937

female

-

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cp

Cymbium almost always with one claw; Krkonose Mountains

Pardosa evelinae Wunderlich, 1984

female

23
(19)

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cp

Tegular apophysis is a robust, C-shaped lamella; terminal apophysis is a large tooth; lateral bands on prosoma narrow; opisthosoma with reddish pattern

Pardosa cincta (Kulczyński, 1887)

female

- Tegular apophysis and terminal apophysis different; lateral bands on prosoma broad; opisthosoma with distinct yellow pattern

  24  

24
(23)

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cp

Tegular apophysis appearing as round lamella in ventral view, with robust tooth in the middle

Pardosa schenkeli Lessert, 1904

female

-

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cp

Tegular apophysis with hook-shaped, lamellous protrusion on outer side (in ventral view)

Pardosa bifasciata (C. L. Koch, 1834)

female

25
(18)

world

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cp

Metatarsi of leg II ventrally with long hairs, longer than on remaining legs; pedipalp as fig.; prosoma long and slender

Pardosa vittata (Keyserling, 1863)

female

- Different

  26  

26
(25)
Tegular apophysis long, reaching ± to cymbial margin, upper branch of apophysis forwardly directed

  27  

- Tegular apophysis short, various in shape; if upper branch present, then the branch not reaching to cymbial margin

  40  

27
(26)
Terminal apophysis long and narrow, finger-shaped

  28  

- Terminal apophysis lacking (at least not visible) or a thin lamella

  29  

28
(27)

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cp

Terminal apophysis long and narrow, finger-shaped

Pardosa nigriceps (Thorell, 1856)

female

-

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cp

Terminal apophysis shorter and broader

Pardosa maisa Hippa & Mannila, 1982

female

29
(27)

world

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cp

Tegular apophysis robust, distally blunt, not reaching to cymbial margin; shield with robust, laterally directed process

Pardosa ferruginea (L. Koch, 1870)

female

- Tegular apophysis blunt or pointed, in ventral view always reaching to cymbial margin

  30  

30
(29)
Median longitudinal band on prosoma broad, with white hairs; lateral longitudinal bands not distinctly developed

lugubris - group

The lugubris-group consists of the following 6 species. Males difficult to distinguish by morphological characters. Females not clearly identifiable by morphological characters, therefore females have to be identified via males caught in the same place. Nevertheless, the species are reproductively isolated due to different courtship behaviour

  31  

- Median longitudinal band on prosoma more distinct in posterior part than in anterior part of prosoma, spindle-shaped or ± forked

  36  

31
(30)

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cp

Femora of all legs yellow with vague dark annulations; prosoma dark with dense, whitish yellow hairs; median longitudinal band on prosoma distinct, laterally with small, white haired spots; prosoma length < 2.4 mm; male pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa baehrorum Kronestedt, 1999

female

- All femora dark brown, distal segments pale yellow; prosoma dark brown with black hairs; median prosomal longitudinal band with white hairs, small lateral spots; prosoma length > 2,4 mm

  32  

32
(31)

world

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cp

Prosoma length > 3 mm; tegular apophysis comparatively broad and robust; cymbial tip broad in lateral view

Pardosa caucasica Ovtsharenko, 1979

female

- Prosoma length < 3 mm; tegular apophysis thinner; cymbial tip narrow in lateral view

  33  

33
(32)

world

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cp

Prosoma length 2.8-3.0 mm; anterior part of tegular apophysis distinctly bent, forming a sickle-shaped structure together with lateral part

Pardosa pertinax von Helversen, 2000

female

- Prosoma length < 2.8 mm; anterior part of tegular apophysis only weakly bent or straight

  34  

34
(33)

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cp

Cymbium proximally with large red-brown spots (in alcohol pale yellow); cymbial tip narrow in lateral view, dorsally slightly concave; anterior part of tegular apophysis almost straight

Pardosa alacris (C. L. Koch, 1833)

female

- Cymbium proximally uniformly dark, distally straight or convex in lateral view; anterior part of tegular apophysis slightly bent

  35  

35
(34)

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cp

Cymbium strongly convex dorsally in lateral view; cymbial tip short with robust claw; pedipalp tibia and cymbium with scarce dark bristles; proximal part of cymbium dark, distally brownish

Pardosa lugubris (Walckenaer, 1802)

female

-

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cp

Cymbium almost straight in lateral view; cymbial tip long with inconspicuous claw, covered by bristles; pedipalp tibia and cymbium densely provided with dark bristles; cymbium uniformly dark

Pardosa saltans Töpfer-Hofmann, 2000

female

36
(30)

world

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cp

Median longitudinal band on prosoma weakly forked posteriorly; lateral longitudinal bands interrupted or missing; tibia and tarsus of pedipalp densely covered with black hairs; pedipalp as fig.

Pardosa amentata (Clerck, 1757)

female

- Median longitudinal band on prosoma ± spindle-shaped; lateral longitudinal bands continuous or divided into 2-3 parts; segments of pedipalp reddish

  37  

37
(36)

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cp

Tegular apophysis very long, blunt distally, distinctly reaching beyond cymbial margin

Pardosa riparia (C. L. Koch, 1833)

female

- Tegular apophysis long, ± pointed, reaching to cymbial margin or reaching slightly beyond cymbial margin

  38  

38
(37)

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cp

Tegular apophysis pointed, hardly reaching to cymbial margin in ventral view, distinctly separated from cymbial margin in lateral view; metatarsus and tarsus I-II with scopula hairs

Pardosa pullata (Clerck, 1757)

female

- Tegular apophysis blunt distally, reaching to cymbial margin in lateral or ventral view; metatarsus and tarsus I-II without scopula hairs

  39  

39
(38)

world

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cp

Legs distinctly annulated; opisthosoma normally haired ventrally; prosoma red-brown, median longitudinal band only posteriorly broadened; lateral longitudinal band broadly separated from prosomal margin, often broken into 2-3 segments

Pardosa prativaga (L. Koch, 1870)

female

-

world

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cp

Legs not annulated, at most femur dorsally with weak marking; opisthosoma ventrally covered with small sclerotised teeth; hairs on metatarsus and tarsus I-II shorter than 2 diameters; median longitudinal band broadened anteriorly; lateral longitudinal bands reaching to clypeus

Pardosa sphagnicola (Dahl, 1908)

female

40
(26)
Upper branch of tegular apophysis distinctly developed, ±hook-shaped, lower branch of tegular apophysis inwardly directed

  41  

- Tegular apophysis compact or lamellous, upper branch lacking or not hook-shaped

  44  

41
(40)
Tegular apophysis distinctly C-shaped, upper branch blunt; lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma interrupted

  42  

- Upper branch of tegular apophysis pointed distally; lateral longitudinal band on prosoma continuous, interrupted or lacking

  43  

42
(41)

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cp

Body length 5-6 mm; pedipalp tarsus 1.0 mm, with grey hairs; pedipalp as fig.; prosoma with dense grey hairs, lateral bands narrow, broken into 3-5 spots; legs yellow, weakly annulated; opisthosoma mostly without pattern or with white hairs in spots, indistinct yellow cardiac mark or spots; genital morphologically not distinguishable from saturatior

Pardosa wagleri (Hahn, 1822)

female

-

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cp

Body length 7-8 mm; pedipalp tarsus 1.5 mm, very dark, black haired; pedipalp as fig.; prosoma scarcely grey haired, lateral bands broken into 3-4 spots; legs reddish yellow, distinctly annulated; opisthosoma with very indistinct pattern

Pardosa saturatior Simon, 1937

female

43
(41)

world

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cp

Upper branch of tegular apophysis short; shield with distally bent lamella in lateral view; femur I black, dorsally with yellow stripes; femur II dorsally yellow-brown and black; femur III and IV dorsally annulated; tibia I almost black

Pardosa sordidata (Thorell, 1875)

female

-

world

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cp

Upper branch of tegular apophysis long; shield not with bent lamella; femur dorsally black spotted or annulated

Pardosa paludicola (Clerck, 1757)

female

44
(40)

world

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cp

Tegular apophysis forming a lamella; body length 8.2 mm; legs yellow, femur dorsally spotted

Pardosa nebulosa (Thorell, 1872)

female

- Different

  45  

45
(44)
Shield with lamella-like process

  46  

- Shield without lamella-like process

  48  

46
(45)

world

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cp

Lamellous process of shield long and pointed in ventral view; tegular apophysis blunt; pedipalp femur black, distally and laterally yellow; pedipalp patella yellow; pedipalp tibia black

Pardosa tatarica (Thorell, 1875)

female

- Lamellous process of shield short

  47  

47
(46)

world

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cp

Tooth of tegular apophysis at 5 o'clock position; legs grey-brown, distinctly annulated

Pardosa hortensis (Thorell, 1872)

female

-

world

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cp

Tooth of tegular apophysis at 4 o'clock position; legs red-brown with dark annulations

Pardosa morosa (L. Koch, 1870)

female

48
(45)

world

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cp

Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma indistinct, not broken; tegular apophysis wider than long; legs yellow; femur I black, II-IV dorsally spotted

Pardosa cribrata Simon, 1876

female

-

world

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cp

Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma broken; tegular apophysis longer than wide

Pardosa proxima (C. L. Koch, 1847)

female

49
(1)
Septum of epigyne is a trapezoid, reddish plate, covering genital groove

  50  

- Different

  65  

50
(49)
Anterior spinnerets dark brown or black

  51  

- Anterior spinnerets yellow

  54  

51
(50)

world

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cp

Projecting dorsal hairs on basal half of tarsus I-II inconspicuous, length 1.5-2.2 times the diameter of tarsus (often abraded)

Pardosa hyperborea (Thorell, 1872)

male

- Projecting hairs on tarsus I-II 3-4 times the diameter of tarsus

  52  

52
(51)

world

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cp

"Wings" of epigynal plate without transverse depression, laterally not lobed and mostly strongly converging, therefore anterior margin strongly descending toward anterior end

Pardosa oreophila Simon, 1937

male

- Different

  53  

53
(52)

world

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cp

Anterior margin of "wings" ± straight, descending toward posterior end, without depression

Pardosa evelinae Wunderlich, 1984

male

-

world

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cp

Anterior margin of "wings" concave; epigynal wings divergent, transverse depression, lateral margin lobed

Pardosa saltuaria (L. Koch, 1870)

male

54
(50)
Median longitudinal band on prosoma conically tapering, anteriorly pointed or ending star-shaped

  55  

- Median longitudinal band on prosoma broadened posterior to eyes and around area of dorsal groove

  61  

55
(54)
Septum longer than wide

  56  

- Septum wider than long

  58  

56
(55)

world

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cp

Bright lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma not broken; margins of septum ± parallel or somewhat broadened posteriorly; corners of anterior epigynal pockets as fig.

Pardosa monticola (Clerck, 1757)

male

- Bright lateral longitudinal stripes on prosoma 2 times broken

  57  

57
(56)

world

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cp

Lateral longitudinal band 2-3 times broken; median longitudinal band narrow, white haired; corners of anterior epigynal pockets as fig.

Pardosa blanda (C. L. Koch, 1833)

female

male

-

world

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cp

Lateral longitudinal band and epigyne as figs.; median longitudinal band on prosoma anteriorly pointed

Pardosa agricola (Thorell, 1856)

female

male

58
(55)

Septum distinctly much wider than long; corners of anterior epigynal pockets uniformly rounded as fig.

  59  

- Septum strongly broadened posteriorly with ± uniformly indented sides, corners of anterior epigynal pockets not uniformly rounded

  60  

59
(58)

world

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cp

Posterior lateral process of septum obtuse angled, often wrinkled and protruding; length of longitudinal groove on septum 2/3 of length of septum; legs yellowish, ± annulated; femur darkly spotted dorsally

Pardosa palustris (Linnaeus, 1758)

male

-

world

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cp

Posterior lateral process of septum laterally or forwardly bent, never wrinkled; legs, mainly femur dark

Pardosa blanda (C. L. Koch, 1833)

male

-

world

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cp

Very similar, in the mountains, south Europe, east Europe; only determinable via males caught in the same place

Pardosa albatula (Roewer, 1951)

male

60
(58)

world

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cp

Septum parallel-sided, posterior angle ± obtuse, often wrinkled; lateral longitudinal bands always continuous; on prosomal margin a thin bright longitudinal band, as wide as median band, separated from prosomal margin by a dark band; legs yellow-brown, indistinctly annulated

Pardosa mixta (Kulczyński, 1887)

male

-

world

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cp

Sides of septum indented, posterior angle protruding beak-like; epigyne variable; prosoma dark brown; longitudinal bands variable; legs bright, ± distinctly annulated

Pardosa agrestis (Westring, 1861)

female

male

61
(54)
Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma not broken

  62  

- Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma broken

  63  

62
(61)

world

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cp

Epigyne variable as fig.; prosoma dark brown, longitudinal bands variable; legs bright, ± distinctly annulated

Pardosa agrestis (Westring, 1861)

female

male

- Epigyne as fig., hardly distinguishable from agrestis females; prosoma dark brown; legs yellow-brown; femur only dorsally with dark longish spots; metatarsus indistinctly spotted, III and IV ± annulated


female

male

63
(61)

world

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cp

Septum approx. as wide as long, the sides S-shaped; corners of anterior epigynal pockets as fig.

Pardosa agricola (Thorell, 1856)

male

- Septum ± wider than long

  64  

64
(63)

world

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cp

Legs yellow-brown, distinctly annulated; corners of anterior epigynal pockets as fig.

Pardosa torrentum Simon, 1876

male

-

world

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cp

Legs weakly annulated; sides of septum uniformly broadened; corners of anterior epigynal pockets as fig.

Pardosa agrestis (Westring, 1861)

male

65
(49)

world

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cp

Tibia I ventrally with 4 (rarely 3) pairs of spines, distally one pair of short spines; epigyne as fig.

Pardosa nigra (C. L. Koch, 1834)

male

- Tibia I ventrally with 2 (rarely 3) pairs of spines

  66  

66
(65)
Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma not broken, often as broad as the dark stripes, reaching to prosomal margin, a ± distinct dark stripe within the bright stripe; opisthosoma with conspicuous yellow pattern

  67  

- Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma broken or not, but always narrower than dark stripes, separated from prosomal margin by dark stripes

  69  

67
(66)

world

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cp

Spinnerets yellow; epigyne as fig.

Pardosa vittata (Keyserling, 1863)

male

- Anterior spinnerets black, at least base darkened

  68  

68
(67)

world

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cp

One anterior epigynal pocket with rounded corners, under which the median septum is folded; entrance duct twisted once; prosoma long and slender, dark brown

Pardosa bifasciata (C. L. Koch, 1834)

male

-

world

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cp

Two anterior epigynal pockets, median septum long and wavy; entrance duct at least 2 times twisted

Pardosa schenkeli Lessert, 1904

male

69
(66)
Prosoma elongated

  70  

- Prosoma not conspicuously elongated

  71  

70
(69)

world

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cp

Anterior epigynal pockets symmetric; median longitudinal band on prosoma reddish, posterior one yellow, posteriorly bordered by a dark transverse line and two dots

Pardosa nigriceps (Thorell, 1856)

male

-

world

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cp

Anterior epigynal pockets asymmetric; prosoma yellowish, lateral stripes on prosoma lacking

Pardosa maisa Hippa & Mannila, 1982

male

71
(69)
Anterior epigynal pockets distinctly separated and situated at anterior outer margin of epigyne; median septum ± broadened posteriorly; genital groove ear-shaped or triangular

  72  

- Anterior epigynal pockets close together, touching each other or with septum

  75  

72
(71)

world

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cp

Genital groove ear-shaped; septum completely white haired, broadened posteriorly

Pardosa riparia (C. L. Koch, 1833)

male

- Genital groove ± triangular; septum white haired on anterior part at most, bulb-shaped, ± rounded posteriorly

  73  

73
(72)

world

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cp

A connecting line between the centres of the two epigynal pockets cuts septum at median; anterior margin of epigynal pockets medially indented; legs reddish, not annulated (femur dorsally at most)

Pardosa pullata (Clerck, 1757)

male

- A connecting line between the two centres of anterior epigynal pockets cuts septum at its anterior margin or not touching it; anterior margin of epigynal pockets medially not indented

  74  

74
(73)

world

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cp

Femur,, tibia and metatarsus distinctly annulated; epigyne width (outer margin of epigynal pockets) 0.52-0.7 mm; prosoma red-brown, median longitudinal band only posteriorly broadened, lateral longitudinal bands broadly separated from prosomal margin, often divided into 2-3 segments

Pardosa prativaga (L. Koch, 1870)

male

-

world

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cp

Legs not annulated; epigyne width 0.38-0.55 mm; prosoma red-brown; median longitudinal band anteriorly broadened; lateral longitudinal bands reaching to clypeus

Pardosa sphagnicola (Dahl, 1908)

male

75
(71)
At least the anterior spinnerets dark brown; margins of anterior epigynal pockets connected

  76  

- Spinnerets bright; margins of anterior epigynal pockets not connected

  82  

76
(75)
Epigynal margins running parallel, almost the whole epigynal length, then posteriorly diverging

  77  

- Epigynal margins at most in the first 1/5 of epigyne parallel, then diverging

  81  

77
(76)

world

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cp

Septum reaching underneath the anterior epigynal pockets; red-brown; median longitudinal band lacking, lateral longitudinal bands indistinct, broken into spots

Pardosa sordidata (Thorell, 1875)

male

- Septum not reaching underneath the anterior epigynal pockets

  78  

78
(77)

world

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cp

Anterior part of epigynal groove 3-4 times longer than posterior part; prosoma dark brown; longitudinal bands on prosoma reddish, medially broad, laterally narrower

Pardosa paludicola (Clerck, 1757)

male

- Anterior part of epigynal groove at most twice as long as posterior part

  79  

79
(78)

world

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cp

Anterior part of epigynal groove hardly longer than posterior part; prosoma dark brown, median longitudinal band reddish yellow, anteriorly indistinct, lateral longitudinal bands indistinct and broken

Pardosa giebeli (Pavesi, 1873)

male

- Anterior part of epigynal groove approx. twice as long as posterior part

  80  

80
(79)

world

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cp

Lateral and median longitudinal bands indistinct or lacking; prosoma dark brown; legs dark brown, slightly annulated; femur darkly spotted; opisthosomal pattern indistinct; epigyne as fig.

Pardosa trailli (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)

male

-

world

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cp

Median longitudinal band on prosoma yellow, broadened anteriorly; lateral longitudinal bands not broken; prosoma red-brown; legs yellowish, annulated (at least dorsally): opisthosoma with reddish pattern

Pardosa eiseni (Thorell, 1875)

male

81
(76)

world

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cp

Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma distinct and not broken; margins of epigynal groove divergent; legs reddish; femur slightly spotted

Pardosa cincta (Kulczyński, 1887)

male

-

world

add

cp

Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma indistinct; median band oval, reddish; margins of epigynal groove at least at anterior part parallel, posteriorly divergent

Pardosa ferruginea (L. Koch, 1870)

male

82
(75)
Median longitudinal band on prosoma distinct, ± parallel-sided or spindle-shaped, never broadened anteriorly

lugubris-group

  83  

- Median longitudinal band on prosoma not always distinct, broadened posterior to eyes and around area of dorsal groove

  85  

- Median longitudinal band on prosoma spindle-shaped or with star-shaped broadening at posterior end

  84  

83
(82)
The lugubris-group consists of the following 6 species. Females not clearly identifiable by morphological characters, therefore females have to be identified via males caught in the same place


female

male

-

world

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cp

Median longitudinal band on prosoma ± parallel-sided, white haired, lateral longitudinal bands narrow; epigyne anchor-shaped

Pardosa lugubris (Walckenaer, 1802)

male

-

world

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cp

Prosoma dark brown, densely covered with black hairs, white hairs on median stripe, no lateral markings; sternum light brown with dark hairs; opisthosoma brown with dark spots on margin of median stripe, laterally grey-brown with yellow hairs; spinnerets brown; femora black proximally, light yellow distally like remaining segments

Pardosa alacris (C. L. Koch, 1833)

male

-

world

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cp

Prosoma dark brown with distinct white haired median stripe, no lateral markings; sternum yellow-brown with short dark hairs; opisthosoma brown with light brown median stripe, bordered by dark spots, laterally with grey spots, white haired, ventrally yellow-brown with dark spots; spinnerets brown; coxa to femur black; patella to tarsus yellow

Pardosa saltans Töpfer-Hofmann, 2000

male

-

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Prosoma brown with light brown median band; lateral bands less distinct, laterally with dark and bright hairs on prosomal margin; chelicerae and sternum yellowish to brownish; opisthosoma brown with median stripe, grained with grey, laterally and ventrally with grey-brown spots; legs yellowish with weak annulations

Pardosa baehrorum Kronestedt, 1999

male

-

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Prosoma dark brown with small dark bristles, median stripe distinct, white haired; chelicerae dark brown; sternum light brown with spots; opisthosoma light brown, median stripe dark brow, ventrally dark, like spinnerets; coxa to femur dark brown with long dark hairs; distal part of femora to tarsi pale yellow

Pardosa caucasica Ovtsharenko, 1979

male

-

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Prosoma dark brown with small black bristles, median stripe distinct, white-haired; chelicerae dark brown; sternum dark brown with black hairs; opisthosoma dark brown with white hairs, without median stripe, ventrally dark, spinnerets also; legs: coxa to femur dark brown with long dark hairs; distal part of femora to tarsi pale yellow

Pardosa pertinax von Helversen, 2000

male

84
(82)

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Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma broken; margins of epigynal groove parallel in anterior part; legs reddish yellow with dark annulations; opisthosoma brown with reddish pattern, mostly indistinct

Pardosa proxima (C. L. Koch, 1847)

male

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Lateral longitudinal bands not broken, indistinct, with dark spots and black hairs; margins of epigynal groove not parallel in anterior part; legs reddish yellow, distinctly spotted and annulated; body brown to green-brown; opisthosomal pattern yellow, distinct

Pardosa cribrata Simon, 1876

male

85
(82)

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Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma not broken, distinctly jagged laterally; median band forked anteriorly; legs yellow, distinctly annulated; epigyne as fig.

Pardosa nebulosa (Thorell, 1872)

male

- Lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma broken

  86  

86
(85)

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Anterior part of septum semilunar; septum narrowed medially, posterior part becoming broader toward posterior end; prosoma brown, light median band reddish, yellowish posteriorly; legs yellow-red, annulated

Pardosa amentata (Clerck, 1757)

male

- Septum ± triangular

  87  

87
(86)
Anterior epigynal pockets separated by septum; Margins of septum merge with margins of epigynal pockets

  88  

- Anterior epigynal pockets close together; margins of septum do not merge with margins of epigynal pockets

  89  

88
(87)

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cp

Body length 6.0-7.5 mm; epigyne as fig.; length of epigynal septum 0.5 mm; prosoma dark brown, densely covered with grey hairs, lateral bands narrow, broken into 3-5 spots; legs yellow, weakly annulated; genital morphologically not distinguishable from saturatior

Pardosa wagleri (Hahn, 1822)

male

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Body length 7.8-9.5 mm; epigyne as fig.; length of epigynal septum 0.75 mm; prosoma chocolate brown, scarcely covered with grey hairs, lateral bands broken into 3-4 spots; legs reddish yellow, distinctly annulated

Pardosa saturatior Simon, 1937

male

89
(87)

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Septum not completely covering genital groove, its shape is variable; prosoma grey-brown; long bright median band, lateral bands reddish yellow, broken into spots, mostly indistinct; legs grey-brown, distinctly annulated

Pardosa hortensis (Thorell, 1872)

male

- Septum triangular, almost completely covering genital groove

  90  

90
(89)

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Median longitudinal band on prosoma strongly broadened posterior to eyes, yellow, very distinct; lateral longitudinal bands always present; epigyne as fig.; legs yellowish red, distinctly annulated

Pardosa tatarica (Thorell, 1875)

male

-

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Median and lateral longitudinal bands on prosoma reddish, indistinct; median band partly broken into spots, forked posteriorly, lateral bands broken into 3 or more spots; epigyne as fig.; legs red-brown with dark annulation

Pardosa morosa (L. Koch, 1870)

male

Further taxa

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1. Pardosa abagensis Ovtsharenko, 1979

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cp

2. Pardosa aenigmatica Tongiorgi, 1966

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cp

3. Pardosa agricola fucicola (Dahl, 1908)

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cp

4. Pardosa alasaniensis Mcheidze, 1997

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5. Pardosa aquila Buchar & Thaler, 1998

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6. Pardosa atomaria (C. L. Koch, 1847)

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7. Pardosa atrata (Thorell, 1873)

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8. Pardosa azerifalcata Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003

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9. Pardosa buchari Ovtsharenko, 1979

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10. Pardosa cavannae Simon, 1881

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11. Pardosa colchica Mcheidze, 1946

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12. Pardosa condolens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)

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13. Pardosa consimilis Nosek, 1905

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14. Pardosa dagestana Buchar & Thaler, 1998

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15. Pardosa drenskii Buchar, 1968

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16. Pardosa femoralis Simon, 1876

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17. Pardosa fulvipes (Collett, 1876)

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18. Pardosa gefsana Roewer, 1959

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19. Pardosa gusarensis Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003

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20. Pardosa ibex Buchar & Thaler, 1998

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21. Pardosa ilgunensis Nosek, 1905

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22. Pardosa incerta Nosek, 1905

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23. Pardosa indecora L. Koch, 1879

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24. Pardosa invenusta (C. L. Koch, 1837)

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25. Pardosa italica Tongiorgi, 1966

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26. Pardosa italica valenta Zyuzin, 1976

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27. Pardosa jaikensis Ponomarev, 2007

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28. Pardosa jeniseica Eskov & Marusik, 1995

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29. Pardosa jergeniensis Ponomarev, 1979

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30. Pardosa lapponica (Thorell, 1872)

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31. Pardosa lasciva L. Koch, 1879

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32. Pardosa luctinosa Simon, 1876

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33. Pardosa masurae Esyunin & Efimik, 1998

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34. Pardosa monticola minima Simon, 1876

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35. Pardosa ninigoriensis Mcheidze, 1997

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36. Pardosa occidentalis Simon, 1881

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37. Pardosa oksalai Marusik, Hippa & Koponen, 1996

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38. Pardosa olympica Tongiorgi, 1966

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39. Pardosa paracolchica Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000

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40. Pardosa pirkuliensis Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000

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41. Pardosa plumipes (Thorell, 1875)

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42. Pardosa poecila (Herman, 1879)

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43. Pardosa pontica (Thorell, 1875)

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44. Pardosa profuga (Herman, 1879)

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45. Pardosa pseudostrigillata Tongiorgi, 1966

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46. Pardosa pyrenaica Kronestedt, 2007

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47. Pardosa roscai (Roewer, 1951)

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48. Pardosa septentrionalis (Westring, 1861)

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49. Pardosa subalpina Schenkel, 1918

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50. Pardosa tasevi Buchar, 1968

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51. Pardosa tenuipes L. Koch, 1882

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52. Pardosa tesquorum (Odenwall, 1901)

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53. Pardosa uiensis Esyunin, 1996

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54. Pardosa vlijmi den Hollander & Dijkstra, 1974

world55. Pardosa agricola borussica (Dahl, 1908)
world56. Pardosa cribrata catalonica Simon, 1937
world57. Pardosa danica (Sørensen, 1904)
world58. Pardosa elegans (Thorell, 1875)
world59. Pardosa monticola ambigua Simon, 1937
world60. Pardosa monticola pseudosaltuaria Simon, 1937
world61. Pardosa palustris islandica (Strand, 1906)
world62. Pardosa prativaga scoparia Simon, 1937
world63. Pardosa proxima poetica Simon, 1876
world64. Pardosa pullata jugorum Simon, 1937
world65. Pardosa tatarica ligurica Simon, 1937
world66. Pardosa tatarica saturiator Caporiacco, 1948
world67. Pardosa thorelli (Collett, 1876)
world68. Pardosa torrentum integra Denis, 1950