Gnaphosidae: Scotophaeus Simon, 1893

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  4  

2
(1)

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Tibial apophysis < tibia; embolus short and straight

Scotophaeus blackwalli (Thorell, 1871)

female

- Tibial apophysis greater or equal tibia; embolus long and whip-like

  3  

3
(2)

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Tibial apophysis ± uniformly tapering off towards the tip male bulbus as fig.

Scotophaeus quadripunctatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

female

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Tibial apophysis with distinct tip; male bulbus as fig.

Scotophaeus scutulatus (L. Koch, 1866)

female

4
(1)

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Epigynal groove with lateral indentation

Scotophaeus blackwalli (Thorell, 1871)

male

- Different

  5  

5
(4)

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Epigynal groove roundish, somewhat wider than long

Scotophaeus quadripunctatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

male

-

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Epigynal groove ± quadrangular, distinctly longer than wide

Scotophaeus scutulatus (L. Koch, 1866)

male

Further taxa

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1. Scotophaeus aculeatus Simon, 1914

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2. Scotophaeus blackwalli isabellinus (Simon, 1873)

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3. Scotophaeus blackwalli politus (Simon, 1878)

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4. Scotophaeus brolemanni Simon, 1914

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5. Scotophaeus fabrisae Caporiacco, 1950

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6. Scotophaeus insularis Berland, 1936

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7. Scotophaeus musculus (Simon, 1878)

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8. Scotophaeus nanoides Wunderlich, 2011

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9. Scotophaeus nanus Wunderlich, 1995

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10. Scotophaeus peninsularis Roewer, 1928

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11. Scotophaeus retusus (Simon, 1878)

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12. Scotophaeus torretrencada Wunderlich, 2017

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13. Scotophaeus validus (Lucas, 1846)

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14. Scotophaeus westringi Simon, 1914