Titanoecidae: Titanoeca Thorell, 1870

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Opisthosoma dorsally with white spots

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- Opisthosoma dorsally without white spots

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Tibial apophysis of male pedipalp with long, bent process (= thorn); copulatory opening of epigyne with transverse slit or epigynal area notched posteriorly

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- Different

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Tibial apophysis of male pedipalp with U-shaped process or short thorn respectively; epigyne with slanting copulatory openings, sometimes appearing triangular; posterior epigynal margin not grooved

Titanoeca spominima (Taczanowski, 1866)

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Tibial apophysis and vulva as figs.

Titanoeca nivalis Simon, 1874

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(2)

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Ventral branch of tibial apophysis, behind process, broad; copulatory openings of epigyne in transverse slit

Titanoeca tristis L. Koch, 1872

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Ventral branch of tibial apophysis narrow; epigyne posteriorly with notch

Titanoeca veteranica Herman, 1879

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(1)

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Opisthosoma dorsally with 2 pairs of large white spots; male pedipalp and tibial apophysis in dorsal view as fig.; epigyne is a narrow slit with parallel lateral margins

Titanoeca quadriguttata (Hahn, 1833)

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Opisthosoma dorsally with one pair of white spots; male pedipalp tibia as fig.; epigyne with posteriorly diverging margins of slit

Titanoeca schineri L. Koch, 1872

Further taxa

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1. Titanoeca caucasica Dunin, 1985

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2. Titanoeca flavicoma L. Koch, 1872

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3. Titanoeca hispanica Wunderlich, 1995

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4. Titanoeca incerta (Nosek, 1905)

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5. Titanoeca monticola (Simon, 1870)

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6. Titanoeca praefica (Simon, 1870)

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7. Titanoeca turkmenia Wunderlich, 1995

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8. Titanoeca ukrainica Guryanova, 1992